When the economic, political, cultural and religious conditions of a city were particularly agreeable, the city used to be called the "New Jerusalem" which would mean a kind of utopia. Cordoba, Amsterdam, and finally the United States for Protestants, for example, were considered as the New Jerusalem. In the thirteenth -fifteenth century, Jews, Christians, and Muslims lived in harmony in Cordoba, located in southern Spain. In the seventeenth century, Jewish and Protestant refugees lived in prosperity in Amsterdam. Finally, the Protestants participated in the founding of the United States, hoping that this land would be a New Jerusalem for them. Additionally, the desire to reach the utopian world, New Jerusalem, still inspires many artists.
In this regard, we can think about the following question: does today’s Jerusalem become a utopian city where all mankind lives in harmony as the cities mentioned above and what the Bible has announced?