Calotype, 23,5 cm x 32,8 cm, Private Collection
The valley of Josaphat, located at the foot of the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem, owes its name to that of the 4th ruler of the kingdom of Judah (-870 - -846), meaning “God-judge”. According to the Old Testament, the Last Judgment will take place in this valley, “Let the nations awake and show to the valley of Jehoshaphat, since I will sit there to judge all the nations around.”
Auguste SALZMANN (1824-1872) was a French photographer in the 19th century. He focused on the archeological work and on the Middle-East. His photographs are thought to be the first photographic application in the field of archeology.